European Journal of Anatomy

Official Journal of The Spanish Society of Anatomy
Cover Volume 22 - Number 3
Eur J Anat, 22 (3): 235-239 (2018)

An unnoticed variant of Sirenomelia with constellation of multiple anomalies

Praveen K. Ravi1, Preetam K. Lenka2, Swagatika Samal3, Sweta Singh4, Manas Sahu2, Mukund Sable3

1Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India, 2Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India, 3Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India, 4Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

ABSTRACT Sirenomelia is a rare fatal congenital anomaly, characterized by a single midline lower limb, urogenital anomalies, Potter’s facies and a single umbilical artery. Approximately 400 cases have been reported in the literature. Based on the number of feet and the degree of lower limb bone fusion, it is classified into seven different types. Sirenomelia has been reported with associated anomalies involving multiple systems mainly of urogenital, respiratory as well as the alimentary tract system. In the present case, the authors reported an unnoticed variation in the fusion of lower limbs and its rare association with tracheoesophageal fistula.

Keywords: Sirenomelia – Mermaid syndrome – Tracheoesophageal fistula – Potter’s facies

European Journal of anatomy
ISSN 2340-311X (Online)