European Journal of Anatomy

Official Journal of The Spanish Society of Anatomy
Cover Volume 21 - Number 3
Eur J Anat, 21 (3): 173-187 (2017)

Protective effect of vitamin B complex in diabetic peripheral neuropathy - Histopathological study

Sanaa A.M. Elgayar1, Sohair A. Eltony1, A. A. Sayed1, Asmaa Y.A. Abbas1

1Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt, 71515

ABSTRACT Vitamin B complex has been used for peripheral neuropathy for a long time and continues to be part of current practice despite lack of strong evidence for its use and its non-inclusion in treatment guidelines. So this study was carried out to verify the neuroprotective effect of vitamin B complex from morphological changes of the diabetic rat sciatic nerve. A total number of 30 adult male albino rats were used and divided into three groups. Group I: normal vehicle control (N=10). Group II: streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats (N=20), which is equally divided into two subgroups; IIa (diabetic vehicle control) and IIb (diabetic vitamin B complex–treated, at a dose of 1mg/kg/day for 6 weeks).Diabetes was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) at a dose of 80mg/kg. Specimens from sciatic nerve were processed for light, electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry investigations. Morphological indices including the average myelin sheath thickness, the average myelinated nerve fiber area, endoneu-rial capillary density and perineurial index were measured and statistically analysed. Vitamin B complex treatment for six weeks markedly protect-ed the sciatic nerve from the deleterious effect of hyperglycemia and preserved normal structural features of the perineurium, Schwann cells and their myelin sheath, nerve fibers, blood capillaries and the interstitium. The results were verified byimmunohistochemistry (using CD 31, CD 68 and anti caspase-3 antibodies) and the morphological indices including the myelin sheath thickness, perineurial index and endoneurial capillary density.In conclusion, vitamin B complex supplementation might provide a long-term, drug approach for protection from diabetic peripheral neuropathy.

Keywords: Vitamin B complex – Diabetic neuropathy

European Journal of anatomy
ISSN 2340-311X (Online)