European Journal of Anatomy

Official Journal of The Spanish Society of Anatomy
Cover Volume 21 - Number 1
Eur J Anat, 21 (1): 65-70 (2017)

Suprascapular ligament ossification and nerve entrapment in a modern skeleton from the central coast of Patagonia, Southern South America

Jorge A. Suby1, Gabriela Millán2, Julieta Gómez Otero3, 4 andSilvia Dahinten3, 5

1INCUAPA-CONICET. Department of Archaeology, National University of the Center of Buenos Aires Province. 508 Street Nro. 881, Quequén, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2CENPAT-CONICET. Bvd. Brown 2915. U9120ACD. Puerto Madryn, Argentina, 3DEAus. CENPAT-CONICET. Bvd. Brown 2915. U9120ACD. Puerto Madryn, Argentina, 4Faculty of Humanities, National University of Patagonia San Juan Bosco, Trelew, Argentina, 5Faculty of Natural Sciences, National University of Patagonia San Juan Bosco, Puerto Madryn, Argentina

ABSTRACT Modification of the suprascapular notch into a foramen as a consequence of the ossification of the suprascapular transverse ligament is a well-known anatomical change. However, it was rarely considered by research in skeletal and cadaveric remains as a possible cause of Suprascapular Nerve Entrapment, a neuropathy that usually produces pain and weakness of the affected shoulder. This paper has the aim to present and to discuss a case of ossification of the suprascapular transverse ligament in a modern-era, possible archaeological male skeleton of 30-45 years old from the central coast of Patagonia, and a possible development of suprascapular nerve entrapment. Complete bilateral ossification of the superior transverse scapular ligament was identified. As no other morphological, traumatic or neoplastic lesions were found in the scapulae, physical activity is suggested as the cause of the ligament ossification in the skeleton, although epigenetic origin cannot be completely rejected.

Keywords: Suprascapular notch – Foramen – Suprascapular nerve entrapment – Skeletal remains – Patagonia – Anatomical change

European Journal of anatomy
ISSN 2340-311X (Online)