European Journal of Anatomy

Official Journal of The Spanish Society of Anatomy
Cover Volume 16 - Number 3
Eur J Anat, 16 (3): 167-171 (2012)

Hilar renal arteries: A morphological study from central India with clinical correlation

Virendra Budhiraja1, Rakhi Rastogi1, Vishal Bankwar2, D.K. Sathpathi3

1Department of Anatomy, L.N. Medical College, Bhopal (M.P), India 2Department of Community Medicine, L.N. Medical College, Bhopal (M.P), India 3Department of Forensic Medicine, L.N. Medical College, Bhopal (M.P), India

ABSTRACT Prior knowledge of more than one hilar artery is important for surgeons who are performing renal transplant and other surgeries on kidney. The aim of this study is to observe such variations in cadavers from central India and to correlate it clinically. Eighty four formalin-fixed 84 cadavers (168 kidneys) constituted the material for study. Out of 84 cadavers 73 (146 kidneys) were male and 11 (22 kidneys) were female. During routine abdominal dissection conducted for medical undergraduates, kidneys along with their arteries were explored and the morphological variations of renal arteries were noted. We observed double hilar renal arteries in 21/146 (14.4 %) kidneys in male and 5/22 (22.7 %) kidneys in female. Three hilar renal arteries were observed in 3/146 (2.1%) kidneys in males and 1/22 (4.5%) kidney in females. We believe that awareness of the abovementioned variations of the renal arteries is necessary for adequate surgical management in exploration and treatment of renal trauma, renal transplantation and urological operations.

Keywords: Kidney, Anatomical variations, Double renal arteries, Renal transplantation

European Journal of anatomy
ISSN 2340-311X (Online)