2, respectively) and the athletes (64.46.06 Kg; 171.910.7 cm; 21.52.22 Kg/m2, respectively). The same was the case for all the values of the fat folds. Analysis of body composition revealed similar values for the bone (11.210.89 in athletes; 11.250.5 Kg in students) and muscle compartments (32.813.09 Kg in athletes; 34.581.58 Kg in students), while fat weight and residual weight were greater in the students (4.811.21 Kg; 15.521.48 Kg in athletes, respectively, and 7.833 1.11 Kg and 17.030.79 Kg in students). Upon analysing the group of athletes as a function of the speciality involved, the short-distance (henceforth "fast") runners were found to be taller and heavier, their values for weight being significantly different from those of the other two groups (medium- and long distance). Concerning the fat fold values, differences were seen for the triceps and abdominal folds between the fast and long-distance runners. Body composition was found to have higher values for fat and residual weight in the case of the fast runners together with greater muscular weight, with significant differences between the fast and long-distance runners."/> Kineanthropometric study of male athletes according to track speciality

European Journal of Anatomy

Official Journal of The Spanish Society of Anatomy
Cover Volume 4 - Number 3
Eur J Anat, 4 (3): 177-183 (2000)

Kineanthropometric study of male athletes according to track speciality

Santos del Rey M., Alburquerque F., Martin-Vallejo F.J., Carretero J., Blanco E., Vazquez R., Sanchez F.

Dept. Anatomia e Histol. Humanas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Salamanca, Avd. Alfonso X El Sabio s/n, 37007 Salamanca, Spain

ABSTRACT The aim of the present work was to conduct an anthropometric study of amateur male athletes and compare the results with those obtained in a group of the same sex and age and with those published in the literature concerning professional athletes and athletes involved in other sports. A further aim was to see whether there is a given anthropometric pattern as a function of the athletic speciality involved. Sixty male athletes belonging to the Sports Association of the University of Salamanca (ADUS) and participating in national and, occasionally, international competitions in the specialities of long, - medium - and short-distance running ("athlete" group) were studied. The following anthropometric measurements were taken from all those included: height, weight, six skin folds (triceps, subscapular, supraspinal, abdominal, anterior thigh and medial of leg) and two diameters (bistyloid and bicondyloid) and the percentage of fat (Carter) and body composition (four components). As controls, the same number of students from the Physiotherapy School of the Nursing and Physiotherapy School of the University of Salamanca ("student" group) were studied, obtaining the same anthropometric measurements on these as in the previous group. The results pointed to significant differences in weight, height and the body mass index between the students (70.73.26 Kg; 174.93.3 cm, 23.20.94 Kg/m2, respectively) and the athletes (64.46.06 Kg; 171.910.7 cm; 21.52.22 Kg/m2, respectively). The same was the case for all the values of the fat folds. Analysis of body composition revealed similar values for the bone (11.210.89 in athletes; 11.250.5 Kg in students) and muscle compartments (32.813.09 Kg in athletes; 34.581.58 Kg in students), while fat weight and residual weight were greater in the students (4.811.21 Kg; 15.521.48 Kg in athletes, respectively, and 7.833 1.11 Kg and 17.030.79 Kg in students). Upon analysing the group of athletes as a function of the speciality involved, the short-distance (henceforth "fast") runners were found to be taller and heavier, their values for weight being significantly different from those of the other two groups (medium- and long distance). Concerning the fat fold values, differences were seen for the triceps and abdominal folds between the fast and long-distance runners. Body composition was found to have higher values for fat and residual weight in the case of the fast runners together with greater muscular weight, with significant differences between the fast and long-distance runners.

Keywords: anthropometry, article, athlete, body fat, body height, body mass, body weight, controlled study, human, human experiment, male, normal human, running, skinfold

European Journal of anatomy
ISSN 2340-311X (Online)