European Journal of Anatomy

Official Journal of The Spanish Society of Anatomy
Cover Volume 4 - Number 2
Eur J Anat, 4 (2): 121-125 (2000)

Isokinetic relations at the shoulder joint

Carrascosa-Sanchez J., Slocker A., Rodriguez R., Clemente C., Garcia J., Fernandez J., Gomez-Pellico L.

Depto. de Cie. Morfologicas y Cir., Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Alcalá, Carr. Madrid-Barcelona Km. 33,600, Alcala de Henares, E-28871 Madrid, Spain

ABSTRACT Our aim with the present study was to determine relationships between the isokinetic variables, force and work, during the abduction-adduction movement of the shoulder articular complex. A further goal was to relate these variables between both limbs and to speeds and movements. With this in mind, and using a sample of 40 healthy young people (20 men and 20 women), all of them right-handed, a muscular evaluation was carried out by means of an electromagnetic dynamometer (Biodex), following a strict protocol for test performance. Peak torque and the total work of each limb were quantified during the abduction-adduction movement on the frontal plane. Statistical correlations were analysed and each corresponding correlation coefficient calculated. Our results reflect evident statistical correlations between isokinetic peak torque and total work. Likewise, a constant interrelationship of such variables between both limbs appeared, along with interdependence in their abductor-adductor behaviour and between speeds of 60°/s and 120°/s. Since there was a statistically significant linear relationship, the statistic r2 (determination coefficient) was also high and, as a consequence, a large percentage of the isokinetic behaviour of one variable could be explained with respect to the other.

Keywords: adult, article, correlation function, dynamometry, female, human, human experiment, isokinetic exercise, joint examination, male, normal human, shoulder, statistical analysis, torque, work

European Journal of anatomy
ISSN 2340-311X (Online)