TY - JOUR A1 - , T1 - The architecture of the 6-month-old gastrocnemius: a 3D volumetric study JO - Eur. J. Anat. SN - 1136-4890 Y1 - 2020 VL - 24 SP - 491 EP - 499 UR - http://www.eurjanat.com/web/paper.php?id=200263lb KW - Gastrocnemius ?? Infant ?? Muscle architecture ?? Skeletal muscle ?? Digitization ?? Growth ?? Development N2 - Gastrocnemius is essential in normal gait, con-tributing to the control of ankle plantarflexion and knee flexion. However, there is a paucity of litera-ture on the architecture of the infant gastrocnemius muscle prior to the onset of weight-bearing and gait. This study investigates the three-dimensional (3D) musculoaponeurotic architecture of the gas-trocnemius in a six-month-old infant. One six-month-old cadaver was used in this study (The University of Toronto Health Sciences Research Ethics Board, #32679, and The University of Auck-land Human Participants Ethics Committee, #016164). Medial (MG) and lateral (LG) heads of the gastrocnemius were serially dissected and a Microscribe G2X? digitizer used to digitize fiber bundles, aponeuroses and tendons. Data were then exported to Autodesk® Maya® to create 3D models. Custom software quantified architectural parameters, including fiber bundle length, penna-tion angle, physiological cross-sectional area, and muscle volume. The intramuscular architecture was assessed to determine whether musculoapo-neurotic partitions were present. Muscle volume was <1cm3 for both MG and LG. Three architec-tural partitions, proximal, middle, and distal, were identified for both MG and LG. Notably, the proxi-mal partitions of both MG and LG had mean fiber bundle length at 2.21 ± 0.41 cm and 2.22 ± 0.27 cm, significantly greater (p<0.05) than the middle and the distal partitions. The results of this study suggest that both MG and LG have architectural partitions before the commencement of gait. Fur-ther longitudinal studies with larger sample sizes are needed to confirm the presence of these archi-tectural partitions, as well as to investigate their growth across the developmental spectrum. ER -