European Journal of Anatomy

Official Journal of The Spanish Society of Anatomy
Cover Volume 24 - Number 4
Eur J Anat, 24 (4): 263-267 (2020)

Morphological changes in the sphenopalatine ganglion on the background of metabolic disorders in the experiment at rats

Yuriy Vasil'ev1,2, T. Gorskaya3, A. Kashtanov1, A. Bairashevskaia1

1Sechenov University, Department of Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy, Moscow, Russia2RUDN University, Medical Institution, Moscow, Russia3Medical University REAVIZ, Department of Morphology, Moscow, Russia

ABSTRACT The sphenopalatine ganglion occupies a special place in neuropathology and dental neuropathy, accompanied by such pronounced symptoms as "vegetative storm". The aim of the research was obtaining information on the external structure of the sphenopalatine ganglion, the morphometric characteristics of its neurons in norm and in exper-imental diabetes. The study was carried out on male Wistar rats weighing 260-300 g: with a stere-oscopic biological microscope, using ophthalmic instruments, we removed almost the entire gland that was not accompanied by significant bleeding under general anesthesia. Peculiarities of the ex-ternal structure of the sphenopalatine ganglion of the white rat were studied by macro-micro prepa-rations under a binocular microscope at 50 objects pervaded with silver nitrate, according to Christen-sen.

Keywords: Sphenopalatine ganglion Experi-mental diabetes Rat Macro-micro preparations Facial anatomy

European Journal of anatomy
ISSN 2340-311X (Online)