European Journal of Anatomy

Official Journal of The Spanish Society of Anatomy
Cover Volume 24 - Number 1
Eur J Anat, 24 (1): 31-35 (2020)

Retrospective comparison of cleftlip/palate patients and normalcontrols: cone beam computedtomograph imaging of foramen Husckhe morphology

Şuayip Burak DUMAN1, Selin YEŞİLTEPE2, İbrahim Şevki BAYRAKDAR3, Ya-sin YAŞA4

1Assistant Professor, Inonu University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Malatya, Turkey, 2Assistant Professor, Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Aydın, Turkey, 3Assistant Professor, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Eskişehir, Turkey, 4Assistant Professor, Ordu University, Faculty of Dentistry, Depart-ment of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Ordu, Turkey

ABSTRACT The foramen tympanicum, also known as the foramen of Huschke (FH), is a permanent anatomi-cal variation situated in the anteroinferior section of the external auditory canal, posteromedial to the temporomandibular joint. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of the FH in Cleft Lip and Palate (CL/P) patients, compared to healthy indi-viduals by using Cone Beam Computed Tomogra-phy (CBCT) data. We retrospectively analyzed the CBCT images of 272 individuals, who had been referred to our Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology clinic various reasons. For comparison, 226 ran-domly selected healthy individuals and 46 CL/P patients (35 unilateral and 11 bilateral) were evalu-ated. FH in 35 (12.9%) of the 272 individuals; 26 of them healthy individuals, 9 of them CL/P patients. The FH was higher in patients with CL/P (19.6%) than healthy individuals (11.5%). Clinicians should be aware of the variability of TME and especially the FH in the ear region when radiographically ex-amining these sites prior to CL/P surgery to pre-vent postoperative reconstruction and complica-tions. Moreover, to evaluate these anatomical vari-ations, CBCT

Keywords: Foramen tympanicum Foramen Huschke Cone beam computed tomography

European Journal of anatomy
ISSN 2340-311X (Online)