European Journal of Anatomy

Official Journal of The Spanish Society of Anatomy
Cover Volume 22 - Number 2
Eur J Anat, 22 (2): 111-118 (2018)

Therapeutic effect of sorafenib in monocrotaline-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension rats

Jae Chul Lee1,2

1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Gyeonggi-do 463707, Republic of Korea, 2Department of Biology, School of Life Sciences, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Republic of Korea

ABSTRACT Sorafenib is an inhibitor of multi-kinases including tyrosine and serine/threonine kinases. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of sorafenib, an inhibitor of multi-kinases, for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), in monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH rat models. PAH was induced by subcutaneous (sc) injection of 60 mg/kg monocrotaline (MCT) dissolved in 0.5 N HCl. Rats were assigned into the following groups: 1) control (C) group, 2) monocrotaline (M) group, and 3) sorafenib (S) group (MCT injection + sorafenib injection group). Rats in the treatment groups received a daily oral gavage of 2.5 mg/kg sorafenib for seven days. Our results showed that sorafenib treatment reduced systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) in PAH rats, and improved right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy, an indicator of RV pressure overload caused by elevated pulmonary artery pressure. In addition, the number of intra-acinar arteries and medial wall thickening in pulmonary arterioles (an index of vascular remodeling) were decreased. Our results revealed that sorafenib reduced ventricular hypertrophy and the expression of fibrosis. These results support the notion that sorafenib improves the functional properties of RV, thereby highlighting its potential benefits for heart and lung impairment.

Keywords: Heart Lung Pulmonary artery hypertension Right ventricular Sorafenib

European Journal of anatomy
ISSN 2340-311X (Online)