European Journal of Anatomy

Official Journal of The Spanish Society of Anatomy
Cover Volume 21 - Number 2
Eur J Anat, 21 (2): 97-112 (2017)

Gastrointestinal stromal tumours: an actualized overview

Beatriz Gonzalez1,*, Maria C. Leiva2,3,4,*, Pablo J. Alvarez3,4, Gloria Perazzoli3,4,Laura Cabeza3,4, Julia Jiménez-López3,4, Kevin Doello1, Jose Prados2,3,4, Consolación Melguizo2,3,4 and Raúl Ortiz3,5

1Service of Medical Oncology, University Hospital Complex of Granada/ University of Granada, Granada, Spain, 2Department of Anatomy and Embryology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, 3 Institute of Biopathology and Regenerative Medicine (IBIMER), Biomedical Research Center (CIBM), University of Granada, Granada, Spain, 4 Biosanitary Institute of Granada (ibs GRANADA), SAS -Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain, 5 Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaen, Jaen, Spain

ABSTRACT The gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GISTs), the most common mesenchymal neoplasm in the gastrointestinal tract, has been the subject of great interest in recent years in terms of prognosis, diagnosis and treatment. Its etiology is linked to the mutation of c-KIT and PDGFRA genes, although between 5 and 15% show no signs of such mutations. It is still diagnosed using immunohistochemical staining. The first line of treatment continues to be surgery, although advances in the molecular biology of GISTs are facilitating the development of new treatment strategies. Those that act by regulating tyrosine kinase activity are of particular interest. Drugs such as imatinib and sunitinib have improved the prognosis of these patients, although the development of resistance constitutes one of the main limitations of the treatment. The aim of this review is to present an up-to-date overview of the main etiopathogenic, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of these tumours.

Keywords: Gastrointestinal stromal tumours – Mesenchymal neoplasm – KIT gene – Drug resistance – Patents – Nanotechnology

European Journal of anatomy
ISSN 2340-311X (Online)