European Journal of Anatomy

Official Journal of The Spanish Society of Anatomy
Cover Volume 9 - Number 2
Eur J Anat, 9 (2): 107-109 (2005)

Unilateral facial arteriovenous communication and its clinical implications

Prakash S., Das S., Suri R.

Department of Anatomy, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi-110002, India; Department of Anatomy, Maulana Azad Medical College, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi-110002, India

ABSTRACT Any abnormal communication between an artery and a vein is commonly referred to as arteriovenous malformation (AVM) or arteriovenous fistula (AVF). Such abnormal communications may be congenital or acquired. Communication between facial arteries and veins is of great clinical significance with respect to facial surgery. Anatomical knowledge of abnormal communications between arteries and veins may be important for vascular surgeons and radiologists performing angiographic studies. The present study reports the communication between facial artery and vein detected on the right side in the cadaver of a 52 year old man. This communication was situated at a distance of 2.5 cm from the angle of the mandible. Existence of such arteriovenous communications between facial vessels has important clinical implications.

Keywords: adult, angiography, arteriovenous fistula, arteriovenous malformation, artery blood flow, article, cadaver, case report, cavernous sinus, face surgery, human, human tissue, male, maxillofacial surgery, submandibular gland, vascular surgery, vein blood flow

European Journal of anatomy
ISSN 2340-311X (Online)