TY - JOUR A1 - , T1 - A case of cervical rib and neurovascular compression in Roman period JO - Eur. J. Anat. SN - 1136-4890 Y1 - 2019 VL - 23 SP - 453 EP - 458 UR - http://www.eurjanat.com/web/paper.php?id=190339mr KW - Supernumerary ribs Neurovascular involvement Thoracic outlet syndrome Roman period N2 - The possibility to study axial anomalies directly on a skeletal individual is not very frequent. One well preserved skeletal individual from an Italian site dating to the late antique period (5th -4th cen-turies CE) was studied. This individual shows some interesting skeletal changes in the vertebrae and ribs. A supernumerary rib was found. It is a cervical rib connected to the 1st thoracic rib, pre-sumably with a fibrous bundle. The presence of cervical ribs can produce neurovascular compres-sion of the brachial plexus and subclavian vessels. Because of this, it is often a cause of thoracic out-let syndrome (TOS). In our case the presence of a cervical rib articulated with the first thoracic rib through a probable fibrous band could have re-stricted the space where the brachial plexus and subclavian vessels pass through, creating a state of neurovascular compression, similar ER -