TY - JOUR A1 - , T1 - The Aleph and the écorché JO - Eur. J. Anat. SN - 1136-4890 Y1 - 2019 VL - 23 SP - 313 EP - 314 UR - http://www.eurjanat.com/web/paper.php?id=190201dj KW - Vesalius – Aleph – Ecorche – De humani corporis fabrica – Hebrew – Symbolism – Nosce te ipsum N2 - The woodcuts in Vesalius' De humani corporis fabrica reflect both philosophical and theological ideas. A previously unrecognized Hebrew symbol in De humani is the écorché in the second muscle tableau. Its pose is evocative of an Aleph, the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The Aleph is a symbol of the brain and represents the highest level of knowledge and wisdom beneath that of god himself. With arms pointing to heaven and earth, the second écorché appears to anthropomorphize this ancient Hebrew symbol and may be a Humanist re-imagination of Old Testament imagery to demonstrate the famous Latin aphorism, nosce te ipsum, and the importance of anatomic dissection for the understanding of the human condition. ER -