TY - JOUR A1 - , T1 - Association of the digit ratio (2D:4D) with sexually dimorphic morphological traits JO - Eur. J. Anat. SN - 1136-4890 Y1 - 2018 VL - 22 SP - 317 EP - 322 UR - http://www.eurjanat.com/web/paper.php?id=180033am KW - Digit ratio Sexual dimorphism Morphological traits Masculinity Femininity N2 - The length ratio of the second to the fourth finger (2D:4D) is a possible biomarker of prenatal sex hormone levels, which play a significant role in determining the sex-related body traits. The aim of this study was to assess the association between the 2D:4D ratio and morphological characteristics, related to sexual dimorphism. We analyzed a group of Russian males (N = 169) and females (N = 193) aged between 17 and 27 years (with mean ages of 18.61.50 and 18.91.85, respectively) for the association between the 2D:4D ratio and a wide range of morphological characteristics, some of which were considered in this aspect for the first time. The 2D:4D ratio in males was significantly lower than in females (p ˂ 0.000). A highly statistically significant correlation was found between 2D:4D and sexually dimorphic morphological traits in the total sample. The association of 2D:4D ratio with morphological signs of masculinity/femininity within male and female samples were revealed only as a trend, which was more distinct for the functional indicators (handgrip strength). ER -